What Small Businesses Should Know About Tariffs
Today we're sharing an excellent article by Peter J. Cazamias, the Associate Administrator for SBA’s Office of International Trade. This article was originally published on SBA.gov and can also be found on the America's SBDC blog.
"Recently the United States Government announced several new tariff increases. The U.S. Department of Commerce implemented tariffs on steel and aluminum imports for national security reasons. Separately, the U.S. Trade Representative (USTR) announced tariffs to combat unfair trade practices on certain Chinese goods. Additional tariffs on a larger list of goods from China are expected in the future.
Small businesses should become familiar with what imported products are impacted, to make informed business decisions as tariffs could increase the total cost of certain imported goods.
What are tariffs?
Tariffs are a taxes, levies, or duties on a particular category of imports. These fees are charged as a percentage of the price of an imported good paid for by a U.S. buyer. These charges are collected by U.S. Custom and Border Protection agents at all U.S. ports of entry.
How can I obtain a tariff waiver on my foreign purchases?
U.S. businesses may request that individual imported products be excluded from the new tariff charges, and U.S. producers may also comment on why certain exclusions should be denied. The Department of Commerce and the U.S. Trade Representative (USTR) have separate application procedures based on the actions taken by their organizations. Decisions are case by case and require separate, individual applications for each item to be imported.
Where can I find more information?
SBA directs small businesses to visit the following U.S. Government resources for more information, to receive answers to frequently asked questions, and to request a tariff exclusion on imported products:
Information on Goods from China with New Additional Tariffs:
The list of certain Chinese goods with new additional tariffs now in force can be found in the Federal Register under 83 FR 28710.
USTR implemented a process by which U.S. stakeholders may request that imported products be excluded from these newly implemented duties on Chinese goods. USTR will evaluate each request on a case-by-case basis.
The application process for Product Exclusion from goods, found at 83 FR 28710, is available here.
If you have questions about the product exclusion process for tariffs found in 83 FR 28710, you may directly contact Arthur Tsao or Justin Hoffmann at 202-395–5725 at USTR.
For questions on customs classification or how the additional duties will be assessed, please contact Traderemedy@cbp.dhs.gov.
Information on a Second Tranche of Goods from China with Additional Tariffs of 25%:
A list of goods with additional tariffs of 25% to be collected starting August 23, 2018, is available on the USTR.gov website under press releases. (Click here).
A List of Goods from China Under Consideration for Further Tariff Actions:
A list of Chinese goods on which USTR proposed additional tariffs of 10% is available at www.regulations.gov under USTR-2018-0026-0001. (Click here). In light of the possible increase of this additional duty rate to 25 %, USTR has extended the public comment period until September 6, 2018, and the deadline for requests to appear at a public hearing until August 13, 2018. (Click here.)
Information on Tariffs on Steel and Aluminum Global Imports:
The United States has imposed tariffs on steel and aluminum imports under Section 232 of the Trade Expansion Act of 1962, as amended.
Questions regarding steel exclusion requests can be addressed to the U.S. Department of Commerce at 202-482-5642 or Steel232@bis.doc.gov.
Questions regarding aluminum exclusions requests can be directed to 202-482-4757 or Aluminum232@bis.doc.gov.
Information on foreign government response and goods impacted can be found here.
Some impacted goods may also be subject to anti-dumping (AD) or countervailing (CVD) duties for unfair trade actions involving selling at less than fair value and prohibited government support. Small businesses importing goods with additional duties related to an AD/CVD investigation should be aware that the estimated AD/CVD duties paid during an investigation can increase significantly and a bill may follow after the goods clear U.S. Customs. Small businesses may direct questions on specific tariff lines and AD/CVD duties to the U.S. Department of Commerce’s Enforcement & Compliance Communications at 202-482-0063.
Small business traders may also wish to explore the following SBA and interagency partner programs on trade:
Small businesses may be eligible for cost-sharing programs, under Trade Adjustment Assistance for Firms to retain consultants or industry-specific experts to improve their business competitiveness: see http://www.taacenters.org/.
NIST’s ExporTech program helps small businesses develop strategic export growth plans to enter new markets: see https://www.nist.gov/exportech.
Local SBA resources can provide business, financial, and marketing counseling and mentoring to help strengthen your business, navigate trade challenges, and connect to Federal, State and Local resources including competitive STEP grants when available: see www.sba.gov/local-assistance."
The Business Advisors here at the Small Business Development Center at JCC can help connect you and your business with additional resources and information on international trade, trade finance options, and SBA's loan guarantee programs. To schedule a free, confidential appointment with a business advisor, call the office at 716-338-1024.